Departments Under Rural Development Department are :
The Rural Water Supply & Sanitation Division(RWS&S), Keonjhar was formed in the year 1991. Previously it was named as Public Health Division ,Keonjhar and was functioning since 1978. At present this Division is looking after the provision of drinking water supply in the rural areas of Keonjhar district .Prior to 1.8.2000 this Division was also looking after the water supply and other Public Health (P.H.) works in the Urban areas of Keonjhar District. But consequent to the transfer of Urban Public Health works of Keonjhar district to the control of Public Health Division Rourkela in obedience to Resolution No.21354 Dated.6.7.2000 of Housing & Urban Development Department, this Division now looks after only the Rural water supply of Keonjhar District.
Structure of the Department (District & Down ward)
RWS&S Sections headed By Junior Engineers at
Brief Description about different programmes
The main objective of Rural Water Supply & Sanitation Organisation is to provide drinking water facilities in the rural areas. This objective is achieved by implementing various Rural Water supply programmes sponsored by Central Govt. and the State Government. As per the present norm, one drinking water source (i.e. Tube well or Sanitary Well) is to be provided for each 250 populations or part thereof in an identified habitation of each village basing on 1991 census. In Keonjhar district there are 6250 nos. of identified habitations and all of them have been provided with drinking water sources as per requirement based on population except seven nos. of habitations which are partially covered. Further seven nos. of sources are required to cover all the habitations fully. The position of coverage of habitations in Keonjhar district as on 31.7.2000 is furnished in Annexure-II.
In addition to the normal programme, as mentioned above, Tube wells are also provided to replace the defunct ones. This is implemented under "Replacement programme". The allotment under this head is very negligible compared to the actual requirement. During the year 1999-2000 only 26 nos. of tune wells were allotted for this district against the actual requirement of 318 nos. During the current year only 15 nos. of tube wells have been allotted under this programme so far against the actual requirement of 354 nos.
Tube wells are also allotted for installation indifferent draught affected areas under "Draught Programme " funded by Central Relief Fund(C.R.F) or National Fund for Calamity Relief (NFCR) . During the year 1999-2000,allotment for 203 nos.of Tube wells were received for this district .No allotment under this programme has been received during the current year. Tube wells under this programme are installed at the places recommended by the Collector, Keonjhar.
Tube wells are provided in the Primary and Upper Primary schools in the rural areas where mid-day meals are provided. These Tube wells are allotted under "School Programme " funded by 10th. Finance Commission through Mass Education Department till 31.7.2000,384 nos. of Tube wells have been installed in the district under school programme. Number of tube wells installed in different blocks under this programme is furnished in Annexure-III.
Water is also supplied to a large village or cluster of villages through stand posts fed by pipe lines. Wate4r is drawn from river (through Intake wells) or through a net work of pipe lines . There are 18 nos,. of commissioned Rural piped water supply schemes and 9 nos. of on going piped water supply schemes in the District. Out of 9 nos. of ongoing schemes , two are under trial run and other two are completed but awaiting power supply .The names of commissioned and on-going piped water supply schemes as on 31-7-2000 are furnished in Annexure-IV.
Deposits are some times received from different organizations for installation of tube -wells at places specified by them District Rural Development Agency (DRDA), Keonjhar and Integrated Tribal Development Agency (ITDA), Champua have deposited funds for installation of tube-wells at different places in the rural areas of the district. The details of deposits received and the tube wells installed out of the funds deposited as on 312.7.2000 are furnished in Annexure-V.
Process of interaction with beneficiaries/public
R.W.S&S Organisation provides safe drinking water supply in the rural areas. Drinking water is an essential necessity of life .As such , the people take active interest in implementation and maintenance of the rural water supply programmes. The people of Keonjhar district contact the RWS&S Offices at Keonjhar and its Subordinate offices at Sub-Divisional level and Block level either directly or indirectly in connection with implementation of new projects or repair and maintenance of existing water supply facilities. They often approach the Collector, Sub-Collectors and B. D.Os. for the same purpose.
Some of the frequently asked question (FAQ) by the public and their answer regarding implementation and maintenance of rural water supply and other related matters are furnished in Annexure-IV.
Presently repair and maintenance of tube- wells are being made by the departmental maintenance staff stationed at each block headquarters of the district under the supervision of the concerned Junior Engineer, RWS&S whose headquarter is same as the block headquarter . The repair of Tube well taken up after receiving the information about the break down of the tube-wells .Such informations are received either in the office of the concerned Junior Engineer or through the concerned Block office. In such process the tube-wells in the remote areas which become out of order remain unattended for longer period at the people face difficulties. In Keonjhar district, two blocks namely Patna and Telkoi have been selected for implementation of this new system in the 1st.phase.This system is going to be the most suitable system for maintenance of hand pump as it involves participation of the public.
SINKING OF TUBE WELLS UNDER SCHOOL PROGRAMME AS ON 31.7.2000
Question No 1 We want to have a new Tube well in our village What to do ?
Answer- As per prevailing Govt. norms, one tube well is installed per each 250 or population in a validated habitation basing on 1991 census, under normal programme. There are in total 3925 numbers of validated habitations in Keonjhar District. All the habitations except only 7 numbers (5nos. in Joda Block and 2nos.in Harichandanpur Block) have been covered with drinking water .in these habitations supply sources. The balance 7 nos. shall also be covered within this financial year (2000-2001) . No request need be made by public to provide Tube well(or Sanitary well) in these habitations.
As all other habitations have been covered with drinking water sources as per norms of the Govt. no further tube well can be provided in any of these habitations under normal programme .However in any abnormal situation such as draught or any other natural disaster, Govt. may consider to provide tube-wells in addition. to the normal requirement. In such case the villagers may. Approach the concerned B.D.O. in his turn after being satisfied may recommend the request of the villagers to the Collector, Keonjhar. The Collector shall consider all such requests and approve a final list of villages/habitations for installation of tube well and sends the list to the Executive Engineer ,RWS&S Division, Keonjhar for providing tube wells .The T.W.S. shall then be installed at the specified places subject to availability of fund under proper head.
In some cases the M.L.A or M.P. also provides funds for installation of Tube-well in any place within his/her jurisdiction out of local Area Development. fund available with him. In such case the villagers may approach the concerned M.L.A /M.P.
Question No 2 The tube well existing in our village is not working .Whom to approach for repair of the Tube-well ?
Answer- Complaint registers are maintained in the office of the Junior Engineer, RWS&S in each block to receive complaints about the break down on Tube wells .Such registers are also maintained in each block office .The villagers may register their complaints in any of the above two offices, of their respective Block. They may either come personally to register their complaint in the above offices or send it through ward member, Sarapanch or any other person who go to block Head Qtr. As a part of their regular work. After the complaints are recorded in the complaint register, the departmental maintenance staff shall attend the concerned tube-wells for repair normally within a weeks time .
Question No 3 The complaint for repair of Tube-well in our village has been given since long but nobody is coming to repair the same. What to do?
Answer- It may be ensured from the office of the concerned Junior Engineer, RWS&S, that the complaint has been recovered in his complaint register. In spite of the complaint being registered if the tube-well is not repaired with in one week the fact may be brought to the notice of the concerned Junior Engineer. In case the Junior Engineer, also does not respond, the matter may be intimated to the concerned Asst. Engineer, whose office and Telephone numbers are given.
Question No 4 One of the Tube-wells in our village has become defunct .It is learnt from the Departmental. Maintenance staff that this tube-well can not be repaired. How to get another tube-well in its place?.
Answer- It is possible that a tube well after long use, say 15-20 years may become permanently defunct and can not be repaired .In such case the Tube well is to be abandoned. To meet the need of the people, who were depending on this Tube-well, a new tube well is installed under "Replacement programme". The villagers may inform the J.E, concerned about the T. well becoming permanently defunct who will record all such cases under his block and intimate the Executive Engineer ,RWS&S Division ,Keonjhar through his Assistant Engineer.
All the defunct Tube wells in the district shall be recorded in the office of the E.E.RWS&S Division, Keonjhar and new T. well under replacement programme shall be installed in their places, subject to availability of allotment under this programme.
A) Commissioned Rural piped water supply Scheme.
B) On going Piped water supply Scheme.
Sinking of tube wells under deposit programme up to 31.7.2000.
Position of TN and TP habitations as no 1.4.2000 in Keonjhar district.
Rural Development Department in Government of Orissa was created in 1991-92. Consequent upon transfer of Chief Engineers, Rural Labour Employment Generation Programme (R.L.E.G.P) and projects since redesignated as Chief Engineer, Rural Works-I and Chief Engineer, Rural Works-II) from the control of works department for implementation of road programme in Rural areas. During last decade for improvement of rural roads a scheme Rural Labour Employment Generation Programme was introduced but before it could make any substantial headway the same was discontinued. As per Govt. of Orissa in Rural Development (R.D). Department notification No..7279 dt.31.5.1991, Rural Works Division in Keonjhar district started functioning with headquarter at Keonjhar on 25.08.1991 for improvement of roads bridges and buildings in Rural areas of the district with the emphasis being laid on rural development for benefit of rural people. This division has a total road length of 1480 K.M. in the district of Keonjhar which included Classified Village Road (C.V.R) Panchayat Samity and Gram Panchayat Roads with varying surface conditions which are now classified as RURAL ROADS with the following breakup.
These constitute the lifetime to villages and have to be maintained in very good condition in public interest. All the road are to be improved to a minimum standard of surfacing to enable traffic to flaw smoothly surface condition of the roads can be categorized as under;
(i) Black topped portion. = 525.096 K.M.
(ii) Metalling Portion. = 506.582 K.M.
Total: = 1480.000 K.M.
Besides there are a no. of buildings belonging to various state Government department, which are being maintained by this division. This Organisation has made 525.096 K.M. lengths of roads black-topped since its creation. Due to paucity of funds Rural Roads could not be attached to desirable extent. However, attempts are being made to make black topping over existing metalling and earthen portion within a short tenure, which would fulfill the long aspiration of Rural people. In addition to the construction of roads, this organization has completed no. of new bridges and no., of new-vented causeways over the un bridged nallahs in order to give all weather communication to the villages. It has also completed a no.of important buildings viz. Residential Ashram Schools, Treasury buildings, Record rooms and Hospitals in Rural Area of the District within the stipulated period and handed over the completed buildings to respective Govt. Organisations for their utility for benefit of Rural People.
This Rural Works Division, Keonjhar has the following multiple objectives :
a. To increase the connectivity by another 2103 villages,
b. To complete 10 nos. of new bridges within coming 5 (five) years.
c. To complete black topping of 98.50 Keonjhar >M> length of roads under Rural Connectivity programme.
d. It is also proposed to increase the black-topped surface from 525.096 K.M. to 675.096 K.M. by providing at least 20 K.M.s or extra black topped surface in each constituency for all the 6 (six) constituencies i.,e. 20 x 6 = 120 K.M.,
e. To increase metal surface from 506.582 K.M. to 756.582 K.M. by addition of 250 K.M. of metalled surface.
Brief description of different Programmes:
This department is being funded by the various programmes and schemes aided by Government of Orissa, Government of India and of the financial institutions like NABARD & WORLD BANK as detailed below:
1. (C.W.A.): Constituency Wise Allotment :
This division received Rs. 10.00 lakhs for constituency each year with a total allotment of 60 lacks for six constituencies falling in the district as per budgetary allocation. The improvement to roads in Rural sectors are being taken up in consultation with local Member of Legislative Assembly (MLA) prior to execution of work.
2. Special Repair Work :
This division receives some grants under non planned scheme for special repair to roads and buildings falling within its jurisdiction as per urgent necessity.
3. minor Repairs :
This division every year under non-planned scheme for minor repair to roads and buildings in emergency and regular maintenance of roads and buildings receives some amount of funds. Besides the wages of Daily Labour Roll (D.L.R) /Nominal Muster Roll (N.M.R)/Work charged staff and repair to machinery and P.O.L. of department vehicles are met out from this funds.
4. Road Development Programme / Minimum Need Programme:
Some funds are received under this head under budgetary provision for improvement of some of important life time roads of the district.
Central Intervention fund : This fund is being remitted by central Govt. to some of the improvement roads as per the urgent needs after all recommendations of concerned M.L.As of the district to concerned authority on Govt. of India.
5. Rural Connectivity Programme :
Funds are being received from Zilla Parisad under 10th Finance Commission for construction of all weather roads to all the villages of the district as per rural connectivity master plan prepared and approved by Zilla Parishad. This division has got a grant of Rs.5.196 core this year under this scheme for improvement of 58 nos. of roads under its jurisdiction allotment 98.590 Kms length of roads will be black topped and 38 nos. of hume pipe culvert and 2 nos. vented cause ways will be executed.
6. P.M.G.S.Y. : Pradhan Mantri Gramodoya Sadak Yojana :
This is a new scheme which has been lunched by Govt. of India for development of rural roads in order to give all weather communication to villages having population more than 1000. tentative allocation of funds which has been earmarked for this division is 878.00 lakhs for target of completion of roads projects within a period of 3 years or which project proposal are being prepared in consultation with local M.L.As and M.Ps and Collector & District Magistrate of the district subjected to approval of State level standing Committee.
7. Flood Damaged Repair (F.D.R)
This division gets allotment under F.D.R. heads for repair of roads and Community Development works, which have been damaged by devastating floods during rainy season. These allotments do very each year depending upon the extent of damages made by flood after inspection and recommendation of special Relief Commissioner Government of Orissa and other officials of Govt. of India.
8. National Fund for Calamity Relief: (N.F.C.R)
This division gets allotment under N.F.C.R. grants to meet repair of roads urgent which have been devastated by natural calamity being aided by Govt. of India. Prior to the allocation of funds detailed extent of damages have been assessed and informed to appropriate authority for placement of funds.
9. Calamity Relief Fund (C.R.F )
Some amount of fund are being received by this division for improvement of roads and buildings which have been deteriorated by natural calamity and disaster to give employment to local people.
10. Deposit head via Employment Assurance Scheme (E.A.S.) Intensive Jawahar Rojagar Yojana (I.J.R.Y)
This division gets allotments from District Rural Development Agency (DRDA) for improvement of roads which have been short listed in the yearly action plan of DRDA under the above grants. These schemes are poverty alleviation programmes with a view to assuming part employment to rural people
11. Other heads viz. MPLAD & MLALAD
Funds from the above schemes are allotted to Rural Works division after getting recommendation from local MP and MLAs of the district for improvement to roads and buildings under their respective constituencies. The works under the scheme are developmental in nature based on locally felt needs.
Besides the above the Rural Works Division, Keonjhar has taken up recently the renovation and repair of ancient monuments and temple in various corners of district.
Work sites/projects that can be visited by interested group/press/media
Project sites can be inspected by interested group/press/media during course of execution of the work. Their valuable advice and suggest as would definitely put impact on the standard of improvement of work. Generally higher authorities of this division involve local MLAS and MP during inspection to the work sites. The completed bridges are listed as below (year-wise)
LIST OF BRIDGE IN PROGRESS :
Process of interaction with beneficiaries/ Public
The interaction between public and officers of the department are cordial. The people can meet the officials at any time in office and work sites to put-forth their grievances. The site officers supervise the work regularly and interact with local of the area regarding benefits that would be available to them after completion of projects. The officers maintain good relation with public the higher officers monitor and inspect the projects regularly so as to complete the projects within the stipulated period and ensure that works are progressing satisfactorily as per prescribed procedures and specifications.
Internal grievance redressal system
If any problem arises due to damage of road in rural sector, people can put forth their grievances to S.D.O. at Sub-division level and Executive Engineer at Division level. If they feel that their grievances are met being attended they can put forth their grievances before district administration and local M.P. and M.L.As of the district.
The future perspective of Rural works Division, Keonjhar is to provide all weather communication to all the villages of the district throughout the year within coming five years provided sufficient allocation of fund to the rural roads are being made in the budget which would herald a new era in the district by ameliorating standard of tribal people.
Rural Roads have an increasing role to play it the re-construction of national economy. With the present meager funds implement rural roads in the district will not be adequate and need immediate attention. Many bridges could not be taken up leaving many un bridged crossings which would result suffering of people. All the roads in the district could not be maintained for smooth flow of traffic due to non-availability of funds under repair head. The problems of road construction have been further aggravated by sudden discontinuance of same schemes by Govt. of India as well as State Govt. before they made any substantial impact. These schemes will therefore have to be completed out of planned funds.
Therefore it may be seen that the provisions under Plan need argumentation with the present allotments and funds, improve the condition of the roads as well as rural communications would improve to a smaller extent. In view of this, sufficient allocation of funds should be made available in rural roads to achieve national objectives, so that socio/economic condition of tribal people would improve.